The enclosed map shows the distribution and breeding sites of penguins. The species are all in the Southern hemisphere except for the Galapagos penguins which are located and breed in the Galapagos Islands.
The map is adopted from Tony D. Williams, The Penguins Spheniscidae, Fg 1.2

Not shown on this map is the Northern Rockhopper Penguin that resides in the Tristan da Cunha archipelago about 1750 miles southwest of Cape Town, South Africa

Antarctic Breeding Areas